Let’s follow on from the last short tutorial and look at the music scale notes of minor keys. We will only look at those that use # in their key signature. Where it was easily recognisable to work out the key signature in Major keys by just moving up one line or space on the stave. This little trick does not work for minor keys. All is not lost.

We will start with the easiest one to identify that of A minor: Hang on a second this looks familiar? It is exactly the same as the key signature used for C Major. No # or ♭ to get in the way. A minor is said to be the relative of C Major. If we look at where C sits on the keyboard we count down four steps, or semitones. So we have C –> B –>B♭ –> A minor.

Moving on to adding one sharp to the staves we have E minor: This looks a lot like G Major, well that is because E minor is relative to G Major. This time we consider the note G and move down four semitones G –> F# –> F –> E minor.

Let us look at one more example by adding the next sharp. If you remember from the Major tutorial the next # sits on the C line of the stave: Again this should look familiar as the key of D Major, as this is relative to B minor. If we use the pattern of moving down four semitones once again to verify this we have D –> C# –> C –> B.

By using this simple pattern of moving down four semitones we can work out the remaining relative keys in the minor series.

Key Signature, musicis F# minor

gives us C# minor

provides us with G# minor

is D# minor

 last but by no means least we have A# minor

Wrapping up

I trust that you found this short tutorial helpful. If you have any questions leave a comment below and sign up for the newsletter. 

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